Exemplary Member Publications
JAMA Editorial: Recommendations From the USPSTF for Prevention and Cessation of Tobacco Use in Children and Adolescents 04/2020
In this issue of JAMA, the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) presents updated recommendations on prevention and cessation of tobacco use among children and adolescents seen in primary care settings.
JAMA Pediatrics: Association of Nonmedical Prescription Opioid Use With Subsequent Heroin Use Initiation in Adolescents. 07/2019
Nonmedical prescription opioid use was prospectively associated with subsequent heroin use initiation during 4 years of adolescence among Los Angeles youth.
JAMA Internal Med: Association of Cumulative Socioeconomic and Health-Related Disadvantage With Disparities in Smoking Prevalence in the United States, 2008 to 2017. 06/2019
Results of this study demonstrate that US disparities in smoking prevalence from 2008 to 2017 were successively larger with each additional disadvantage faced, were expressed in higher smoking initiation odds and lower smoking cessation odds, and widened over time.
JAMA Internal Medicine: Association Between State Laws Facilitating Pharmacy Distribution of Naloxone and Risk of Fatal Overdose 05/2019
Naloxone access laws have the potential to improve naloxone access and save lives, but the details of the laws matter; permitting pharmacists to dispense directly and under their own authority appears to maximize the potential benefits of these policies.
JAMA Internal Medicine: National Trends and Long-term Outcomes of Liver Transplant for Alcohol-Associated Liver Disease in the United States 03/2019
The findings suggest that early liver transplant for alcoholic hepatitis may be leading to broader acceptance of ALD for liver transplant. Late survival among liver transplant recipients with ALD was inferior to that among recipients with non-ALD indications, suggesting a need for future studies to identify patient profiles associated with best outcomes. Regional differences suggest heterogeneity in policies toward liver transplant for ALD.
Science: Opioid prescribing decreases after learning of a patient’s fatal overdose 08/2018
Clinicians in the intervention group received notification of their patients’ deaths and a safe prescribing injunction from their county’s medical examiner, whereas physicians in the control group did not. Milligram morphine equivalents in prescriptions filled by patients of letter recipients versus controls decreased by 9.7% over 3 months after intervention. It was also observed both fewer opioid initiates and fewer high-dose opioid prescriptions by letter recipients.
New England Journal of Medicine: Adolescents’ Use of “Pod Mod” E-Cigarettes — Urgent Concerns 08/2018
Comprehensive actions are urgently needed to counteract adolescents’ use of pod mods and other e-cigarettes. In the meantime, we advise physicians and parents to remain on alert regarding this emerging public health concern.
JAMA: Association of Digital Media Use With Subsequent Symptoms of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Among Adolescents. 07/2018
Among adolescents followed up over 2 years, there was a statistically significant but modest association between higher frequency of digital media use and subsequent symptoms of ADHD.